LED lightings are the new fad of lighting and for your aquarium LED lighting is essential. Whether you have a reef, fish or planted aquariums and tanks; a light is needed in it. Previously CFLs, metal halides, T5s, T8s were used for aquarium lighting, but now since LED was introduced; it’s the number one choice for all households and businesses for aquarium lighting.
Importance of Aquarium Lighting
Lighting is very important for all types of aquariums. It makes your aquarium look natural as well as prevents the appearance of brown diatom algae which are produced in dim lighting. Moreover, good lighting helps in correct redox which helps in improving fish health. Also, all plants, coral and reef need proper lighting to thrive.
Pros of Aquarium LED Lighting
o High light output
o Low electricity usage
o Small in size
o Newest technology
o Long life of the parts
o Wavelength can be adjusted according to your need at the time of manufacturing
Cons of Aquarium LED Lighting
o Initial cost is high
o The heat produced
o Very fragile
o The other components add up to the initial cost
LED Aquarium Light tips for newbies
If you are a newbie at LED lighting and are looking to install them in your aquarium, then there are a few things you must remember.
1. Green and yellow colors are the lowest points but NOT zero. Plants will absorb greens and yellows but in a very small amount as compared to violets, reds and blues. Red is especially helpful for growing algae. Hence, a good lighting in your aquarium should be high notes of reds and blues and low greens, yellows and violets.
2. An LED light is a very tiny light which have a negative and positive terminal. The LED light is too small to join with wires; hence they are mounted on stars which are 20mm.
3. The amount of LED light needed for your tank can be calculated through a simple formula
Number of LED lights to use = area of footprint of the tank/22
4. White LED comes in 3 colors:
a. Cool White (-6500K – Color Temp),
b. Neutral (5000K – Color Temp)
c. Warm White ( 3500K – Color Temp)
For tanks with plants, a cool white light is ideal but for a fish tank, Warm white is the more suitable option. Warm white gives off the perfect yellowish light which accents colors of the fish. Again, we repeat that the perfect color balance will be with high notes of reds and blues and low greens, yellows and violets. However, white has to be mixed with these colors to have the perfect wave length of 465nm to 485nm. Wavelength is measured in nm and temperature of light is measured in k Kelvin.
After this article, we hope you are ready and more aware about aquarium LED lighting. We hope you can set up a proper habitat for your fish and plants to thrive in.